Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Why it matters in Ghana
Ghana was the first country in Sub-Saharan Africa to reduce poverty by half, and thus met the Millennium Development Goal 1. Nevertheless, deep poverty remains in most rural areas, especially in the three northern regions. In urban areas, where poverty incidence has seen some substantial decline, greater disparities and inequalities are being noticed.
Poverty has many dimensions but its causes include lack of education, low productivity of work, low income, social exclusion, and high vulnerability of certain populations to disasters and diseases.
Poverty is detrimental, and if nothing is done to overcome poverty, we will continue to suffer its impact on economic growth and social cohesion, political and social tensions, and, in some circumstances, instability and conflicts.
How we can help
- Women and youths should have equal access to land as men, in order to be able to generate income, for example, through farming.
- Young people can take advantage of opportunities to learn a skill, stay in school or invest savings in starting a business, and policy makers, communities and families can help make those opportunities available to all youth. Ensuring access to education today will help youth and their communities in the future.
- If young people have the opportunity to actively engage in policymaking they can ensure that their rights are promoted and that their innovative ideas contribute to transforming lives and shaping communities.
- Policymakers can help create an enabling environment to generate productive employment and job opportunities for the poor and the marginalised. Carefully formulated strategies and fiscal and social protection policies can also stimulate pro-poor growth and reduce poverty.
- The private sector can play a role in creating economic opportunities for the poor by focusing on segments of the economy where most of the poor are active, namely on micro and small enterprises and those operating in the informal sector.
- Science provides the foundation for new and sustainable approaches, solutions and technologies to tackle the challenges of reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development. For example, it has enabled access to safe drinking water, reduced deaths caused by water-borne diseases, and improved hygiene to reduce health risks related to unsafe drinking water and lack of sanitation.
Global Targets of Goal 1
1.1: By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
1.2: By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
1.3: Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
1.4: By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
1.a: Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
1.b: Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions