Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

UNCT-GH-P4P-Smallholder-farmers-rice-(c)-Nyani-Quarmyne-2016(Photo: WFP / Nyani Quarmyne)

Why it matters in Ghana

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, long-lasting infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all.

If we don’t act to change our consumption and production patterns, we will cause irreversible damage to our environment.

It is in the business interest to find new solutions that enable sustainable consumption and production patterns. A better understanding of environmental and social impacts of products and services is needed.

One major concern in Ghana that needs a sustainable solution is the pressing issue of water pollution, for example because of unsustainable farming practices and galamsey activities.

How we can help

  • Reduce, reuse, recycle.
  • Every one of us can consume responsibly. Reduce your waste and your consumption of plastic (one of the main pollutants of the ocean).
  • Recycling paper, plastic, glass and aluminium keeps landfills from growing. Someone’s waste is someone else’s business opportunity in waste management and recycling.
  • Do not litter the environment with waste.
  • Businesses can use their innovative power to design solutions that can both enable and inspire individuals to lead more sustainable lifestyles, reducing environmental impacts and improving well-being.
  • Businesses can adopt sustainable production practices, for example, use traditional, improved variety of planting materials, or improve food processing.
  • Both public and private sectors can adopt green procurement, meaning purchasing products and services that cause minimal adverse environmental impacts.
  • Policy-makers could outlaw on plastic bags and encourage the use of paper and reusable bags; discount buyers of reusable products; incentivise waste recycling; and enforce the implementation of the E-Waste Bill to regulate electronic waste management in the country.

Global Targets of Goal 12

12.1: Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

12.2: By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources 

12.3: By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

12.4: By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

12.5: By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

12.6: Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle 

12.7: Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities

12.8: By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature 

12.a: Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production 

12.b: Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products 

12.c: Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

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