Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

UNCT-GH-WFP-SDG2-Nyani-Quarmyne(Photo: WFP / Nyani Quarmyne)

Why it matters in Ghana

Extreme hunger and malnutrition remain a barrier to sustainable development and create a trap from which people cannot easily escape. People who are hungry and malnourished are less likely to be productive. They are also more prone to diseases and thus often unable to earn a sufficient income and improve their livelihoods.

Poor harvesting practices, as well as food wastage have contributed to food scarcity.

Nutrition is particularly poor in Northern Ghana. Everyone wants their families to have safe and nutritious food to eat. A world with no hunger can positively impact our economies, health, education, equality and social development. It’s a key piece of building a better future for everyone. Additionally, with hunger limiting human development, we will not be able to achieve the other global goals on education, health and gender equality without addressing the issue of hunger. 

How we can help

  • Make land choices in favour of agriculture. Preserve land for planting and livestock rearing.
  • Buying and consuming locally-produced foods is a great way to encourage local farmers and markets to produce more, and to ensure that food is always available at affordable prices.
  • We can all support good nutrition and eating habits, especially for children, by choosing foods with high nutrient value, in the right amounts and balance for improved health and well-being.
  • Try backyard farming if you have the space. You will be amazed about the volume of healthy and nutritious food you can produce for your family and the savings you can make. 
  • Help eradicate food waste. You can make changes in your own life. At home, school, work and in the community, speak to others about making these changes too.
  • You can use your power as a consumer and voter to demand that government put in place the right incentives for businesses to make the choices and changes that will make Zero Hunger a reality.
  • Use only approved agrochemicals for farming and apply in recommended amounts to ensure that food is safe for consumption.
  • Identify and adopt good post-harvest and preservation practices.
  • Join conversations about ending hunger and improving hunger, whether on social media platforms or in your local communities.

Global Targets of Goal 2

2.1: By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round

2.2: By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons 

2.3: By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment 

2.4: By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality

2.5: By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed 

2.a: Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries 

2.b: Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round

2.c: Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility


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