Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

UNCT-GH-maternal-child-health-copyrights-UNICEF-Ghana-2010-Asselin(Photo: UNICEF Ghana 2010 / Olivier Asselin)

Why it matters in Ghana

Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages is important to building prosperous societies. Access to good health care is a human right, and that is why the Sustainable Development Agenda offers a new chance to ensure that everyone can access decent quality, reliable health care—not just the wealthiest.

The overall survival rates of children in Ghana have improved over the past ten years. Malaria is the leading cause of death for children under five, and malnutrition is a significant indirect cause of child mortality. Continued reduction of HIV prevalence indicates progress, but prevention of mother-to-child transmission and coverage of paediatric antiretroviral therapy remain unacceptably low, and stigma and discrimination continue to hamper uptake of services.

Poor nutrition is of particular concern in Northern Ghana. Thus, maternal and child health remain critical, and SDG 3 is pivotal for the attainment of health-related goals.

How we can help

  • You can start by promoting and protecting your own health and the health of those around you, by, for example, making well-informed choices, practicing safe sex, knowing your HIV status, and vaccinating your children.
  • Everyone, especially women and girls, should have adequate access to sexual and reproductive health information and services.
  • Seek medical attention early to save your life, and make sure to visit approved health centres and certified hospitals.
  • If you are part of a Civil Society Organisation or a Non-Governmental Organisation, you can raise awareness in your community about the importance of good health, healthy lifestyles as well as people’s right to quality health care services.
  • You can also hold government, local leaders and other decision-makers accountable to their commitments to improve people’s access to health and health care.
  • Regular exercise and physical activity is known to improve overall wellbeing. Make it a regular part of your life. Consult your physician if you have certain medical conditions before engaging in any strenuous physical activity.

Global Targets of Goal 3

3.1: By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births 

3.2: By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births 

3.3: By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases

3.4: By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being 

3.5: Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol

3.6: By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents 

3.7: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes

3.8: Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all 

3.9: By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination

3.a: Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate 

3.b: Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all 

3.c: Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States 

3.d: Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

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