Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Why it matters in Ghana
The number of men and women in the world is roughly equal. However, gender inequality persists everywhere – in business, education, politics etc. This stagnates social progress. Equal opportunities for men and women accelerate achievement across other development outcomes.
In Ghana, there is low representation of women in decision making, evidenced by only 12.7% representation in the national Parliament. Practices such as early marriage, Female Genital Mutilation, or witch camps still exist. The incidence of violence against women and girls, and inadequate access to productive resources, such as land and credit, persist.
In Ghana, there are still complex issues concerning male dominance and patriarchy that need to be addressed in order to step up efforts towards achieving sustainable development.
How we can help
- Parents can help by giving equal access to education to their children, girls and boys alike.
- Do not give away your girl child into marriage; allow her to complete her education.
- If you are a teacher, report any form of girl child abuse.
- If you are a girl, you can stay in school, help empower your female classmates to do the same and fight for your right to access sexual and reproductive health services.
- Everyone should stand up against rape, and all forms of violence and harmful practices against women and girls.
- If you are an employer, ensure equity for women and men in the work place.
- Promote equal work and equal pay for men and women.
- If you are a woman, show concern in decision-making processes and participate in decision-making.
- Support women in their political careers.
- Stop female genital mutilation.
- Grant women access to and control of land.
- If you are a woman, you can address unconscious biases and implicit associations that can form an unintended and often invisible barrier to equal opportunity.
- If you are a man or a boy, you can work alongside women and girls to achieve gender equality and embrace healthy, respectful relationships.
- As government, fund education campaigns to curb cultural practices like female genital mutilation, and change harmful laws that limit the rights of women and girls and prevent them from achieving their full potential.
Global Targets of Goal 5
5.1: End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
5.2: Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
5.3: Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
5.4: Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
5.5: Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
5.6: Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
5.a: Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
5.b: Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
5.c: Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels