Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

UNCT-GH-UNICEF-Water-OlivierAsselin-2007(Photo: UNICEF Ghana 2007 / Olivier Asselin)

Why it matters in Ghana

Access to water, sanitation and hygiene is a human right, yet billions worldwide are still faced with daily challenges accessing even the most basic of services.

Proper water and sanitation is key for achieving the SDGs, including good health and gender equality. By managing our water sustainably, we are also able to better manage our production of food and energy and contribute to decent work and economic growth. Moreover, we can preserve our water ecosystems, their biodiversity, and take action on climate change.

Despite the fact that Ghana achieved the MDG for access to improved water supply early, but not on access to improved sanitation, statistics today show that fewer than two in five Ghanaians drink safe water, two out of every five schools are without toilets, and three out of every five schools are without water supplies.

How we can help

  • Keep our water sources clean and safe: Don’t litter; dump your refuse in bins not in water bodies.
  • Encourage municipal and regional authorities to work with the private sector to make sanitation and waste management viable business opportunities at affordable prices in all neighbourhoods.
  • Don’t dispose chemicals in water bodies.
  • Plant trees to protect the water bodies.
  • Farm at least 50 meters away from water sources.
  • Do not defecate in the open.
  • Support one house, one latrine.
  • Wash hands with soap after visiting the toilet, before eating, cooking, or feeding the baby.
  • Use water wisely, don’t waste it. Minimise water usage whenever you can.
  • Fishermen should avoid using chemicals to catch fish.
  • Stop illegal mining as it endangers our water bodies. Government is called to enforce regulations on small-scale mining, and promote alternative livelihoods for youth and communities.
  • You can also get involved in the World Water Day and World Toilet Day campaigns that aim to provide information and inspiration to take action on hygiene issues.

Global Targets of Goal 6

6.1: By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all

6.2: By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations 

6.3: By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally 

6.4: By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity 

6.5: By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate

6.6: By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes 

6.a: By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies 

6.b: Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

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