Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

UNCT-GH-UNDP-Cookstoves-BossmanOwusu-2017(Photo: UNDP Ghana / Bossman Owusu)

Why it matters in Ghana

Our lives depend on reliable and affordable energy services. A well-established energy system supports all sectors: businesses, medicine, education, agriculture, infrastructure, communications and high-technology. A lack of access to energy supplies is a constraint to human and economic development: women and girls have to spend hours fetching water, clinics cannot store vaccines for children, many schoolchildren cannot do homework at night, and people cannot run competitive businesses.

During 2016 Ghana largely overcame problems of irregular electricity supply that had affected business and households previously. Long-term challenges persist however, including meeting financial arrears in state-owned energy enterprises, implementing new electricity regulatory and payment schemes, and managing electronic waste.

How we can help

  • Use energy wisely: unplug or turn off appliances that are not in use; switch lights, A/C and other appliances off when leaving home or the office. Use energy efficient bulbs and appliances.
  • Don’t steal power. Report electricity theft and illegal connections. Pay your electricity bills promptly.
  • Plant trees around your environment.
  • Use clean and improved cooking stoves.
  • Install solar home systems to meet basic electricity needs.
  • Encourage public investments in public transport, and make walking and bike paths safer and more accessible.
  • Government and the building sector are encouraged to ensure the incorporation of energy-efficiency in buildings.
  • Government is encouraged to accelerate the transition to an affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy system, by investing in renewable energy, prioritising energy efficient practices, adopting clean energy technologies and infrastructure, and supporting an increased use of alternative energy for public facilities.
  • Government can promote the use of renewable energy to provide public services in off-grid areas.

Global Targets of Goal 7

7.1: By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

7.2: By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix 

7.3: By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency 

7.a: By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology 

7.b: By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

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