Goal 8: Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all

UNCT-GH-UNDP-SDG8-2016(Photo: UNDP Ghana)

Why it matters in Ghana

Poverty eradication is only possible if more people, especially young people, have stable and productive employment. Decent jobs mean safe working conditions, with fair wages, that provide opportunity for people to lift themselves out of poverty. Women and girls must enjoy the same access to opportunities for employment as boys and men. Society, as a whole, benefits when more people contribute to Ghana’s growth. A growing youth population can boost economic growth if employment opportunities are available, but unmet expectations of an increasingly educated youth population can lead to social conflict and political instability.

The SDGs aim to encourage sustained economic growth by achieving higher levels of productivity, including through technological innovation. SDG 8 aims to achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men by 2030.

How we can help

  • Encourage Government commitment and practical measures to improve the enabling environment for business, to make it easier to invest and create more jobs.
  • As an employer, you can provide decent working conditions: ensure work that is productive and delivers fair income; guarantee work place safety; participate in social benefit schemes, health insurance and pensions; invest in training that improves workplace productivity and prospects for personal development; create equal opportunities for women and men; pay your employees their due wages and benefits; mentor young entrepreneurs; encourage creativity and innovation in the workplace.
  • Enhance industry-school relationship for improved skills training. You can encourage entrepreneurship, increase and promote Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), equip TVET schools for quality skills training and improve standards, and especially support girls in TVET.
  • You can gain additional skills to improve your employability: enrol in skill training, and get a career mentor.
  • If you are a business owner, register your business, pay your taxes, and demand quality public services in return – in public safety, schools, infrastructure, water and sanitation, parks and green spaces.
  • Additionally, ensure that policymakers make youth employment a priority, making the transition from education to a decent job easier by investing in education and training of the highest possible quality that provide youth with skills that match the labour market demands.
  • Ensure employees enjoy social protection, and advocate for more extensive, well-managed social protection programmes that promote the public welfare, women’s economic empowerment, and decent work for all.
  • Enforce laws to stop child and forced labour.
  • Everyone can contribute to creating a decent work environment. You can help your colleagues, and report workplace harassment or work-based abuse.

Global Targets of Goal 8

8.1: Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries 

8.2: Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors

8.3: Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services

8.4: Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead 

8.5: By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value 

8.6: By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training 

8.7: Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms

8.8: Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment 

8.9: By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products 

8.10: Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all 

8.a: Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries 

8.b: By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization

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