Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation

UNCT-GH-microbiology-laboratory-UNIDO-2014(Photo: UNIDO)

Why it matters in Ghana

Sustained investment in infrastructure and innovation are key drivers of economic growth and development. Bridging the so-called digital divide is crucial to ensure equal access to information and knowledge, and, as a consequence, to foster innovation and entrepreneurship. Ghana has articulated an ambitious vision for agricultural modernisation, industry diversification, and job growth – especially targeting young people.

Industrialisation has an impact on all other areas of development and will contribute to the achievement of the SDGs in their entirety. It depends in turn on meeting SDGs on education and energy.

The growth of new industries means improvement in the standard of living for many. If industries pursue sustainability, this approach will have a positive effect on the environment. Decent infrastructure like roads, information and communication technologies, sanitation, electrical power and water remain a challenge in Ghana. Failing to improve infrastructure and promote technological innovation could translate into poor health care, inadequate sanitation and limited access to education.

How we can help

  • Everyone can be ambitious to learn (basic) IT skills which might be useful in a future job.
  • ICT can be included in the curriculum at any school level; students should have access to computers and other technology, and benefit from ICT training.
  • Promote public investment in science and technology research that can spin off opportunities for new business and better jobs.
  • Invest in ICT infrastructure.
  • Improve living standards associated with employment in or around manufacturing, and ensure that technology and innovation target meeting the everyday needs, especially of the poor, for local jobs, reliable energy, nutritious food, safe transportation, and resilience to natural hazards.
  • Establish standards and promote regulations that ensure company projects and initiatives are sustainably managed.
  • Develop domestic pharmaceutical industries that meet product standards and can increase access to affordable medicines.
  • Minimise the use and discharges of effluents in all industrial applications, including by small-scale businesses.
  • Promote the removal of toxic substances from drinking water, as well as effectively manage national and trans-boundary water bodies suffering from industrial pollution.
  • Additionally, ask policymakers to develop and implement smart policies that channel national resources towards investments that are in line with nationally devised paths towards inclusive and sustainable industrial development, that ensure no one is left behind in benefiting from industrial development, and that open pathways to prosperity for women and men alike. 

Global Targets of Goal 9

9.1: Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all 

9.2: Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries

9.3: Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets 

9.4: By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities 

9.5: Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending 

9.a: Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States 

9.b: Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities 

9.c: Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

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