Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

©UNICEF Ghana-2015-Takyo

The joint UN Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene programme (WASH) brings together complementary expertise of four UN agencies – UN-Habitat (lead agency), UNICEF, UNDP and WHO – to improve public water and sanitation infrastructure in flood-prone communities accompanied by advocacy for good hygiene practices.

With support from the Government of Canada, this programme of interventions aims to improve access to disaster-resilient WASH facilities and to reduce WASH-related diseases among men, women, boys and girls in 265 disaster-prone communities across 24 Districts. The programme targets 200,000 beneficiaries, including 50,000 school children in the Upper East, Upper West and Northern Regions.

In 2014-15 the programme had the following achievements:

  • District Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is being rolled out by UNICEF as the lead UN partner for the sanitation component. CLTS plans were completed in all 24 Districts. Of the first set of 159 communities, 51 communities are targeted for a complete rollout of the CLTS approach (17,595 beneficiaries). Sanitation marketing activities have also started in six districts, and the construction of sanitation facilities has been completed in six schools in the Sagnarigu district of the Northern Region (1,462 beneficiaries).
  • Drilling of 41 new boreholes, rehabilitation of 25 boreholes and six hand-dug wells to serve approximately 21,000 people were completed.
  • Training documents for Flood Emergency preparedness and Response Action Plans have been developed.
  • Values-Based WASH education, to instill WASH related behaviour change in schools and communities, was rolled out in conjunction with the School Health Programme of the Ghana Education Service.
  • An impact assessment strategy will compare first-year results in communities in the first batch of infrastructure investment and training to those that will receive investments in the second batch.

Provision of resilient infrastructure is being accompanied by: the promotion of measures for the adoption of good hygiene practices for improved health in schools and the communities; the strengthening of community structures and schools’ capacity to manage the installed facilities; capacity enhancement of local institutions to plan and facilitate implementation of the WASH programmes in disaster-prone areas; and assistance with measures to increase preparedness by disaster-prone communities.