Ghana MDG Report
In line with the six previous biennial reports, this 2015 Millennium Development Goals Report examines progress made since 2000 towards all the goals and their targets, and draws some lessons from the implementation and monitoring of the MDGs. The report is a forerunner to the adoption and implementation of the next global development agenda, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Over the last 15 years, major initiatives have been undertaken in the context of mainstreaming the MDGs into Ghana’s national medium-term development plans. This coordination of priorities has required continuous monitoring that is recorded in the Annual Progress Reports on implementation of the national development policy framework. The MDGs have not only positively influenced policy and programme interventions, but they have also brought together development partners to build innovative alliances for enhanced effectiveness and mutual accountability.
The impressive growth performance of Ghana over the years and improvement in social protection programmes have contributed considerably to the progress made towards achieving the MDGs.
However, the outcomes have been mixed. Targets such as halving extreme poverty (MDG 1A), halving the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water (MDG 7B), universal primary education (MDG 2A) and gender parity in primary school (MDG 3) are attained. Substantial progress has been made in reducing HIV prevalence (MDG 6C), increasing access to ICT (MDG 8F) and reducing the proportion of people suffering from hunger. However, slow progress has been made towards the targets of achieving full and productive employment (MDG1B), equal share of women in wage employment in non-agriculture sectors and women’s involvement in governance (MDG 3), reducing under-5 and child mortality (MDG 4), reducing maternal mortality (MDG 5), and reversing the loss of environmental resources and improving sanitation (MDG 7).
As we enter the SDGs period, we are confronted with the unfinished business of some MDGs. The good news is that the MDGs have dovetailed into the SDGs. Some targets are now goals in the SDGs. This indicates that the unfinished business of the MDGs will be addressed in the context of the SDGs. One of the main lessons of the MDGs is that implementation and monitoring should be localised. This will ensure stronger ownership and better prospects for attaining the SDGs in record time.